Gurudwara Golden Temple is located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab. It is also known as Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib. Harmandir Sahib is not only the holiest fane in Sikhism but also a symbol of brotherhood and equality. Pilgrims from different cast and religion can seek spiritual solace and religious fulfillment without any obstacle.
Thousands of pilgrims visit the golden temple every year and it is one of the most visited places in Punjab. The temple is built in the center of tank of nectar-the Amrit Sarovar. People believe that the water has healing powers that can cure many diseases, and pilgrims come from across the world to take the holy dip in the Sarovar. Visitors come here to listen to hymns, and also pay respect to Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, the holy Scripture of Sikhs.
Guru Granth Sahib Ji is placed in the temple every morning and returned at night to the Akal Takhat. The Golden Temple ceremony timings are from 5 am to 9.30 pm in winters, and 4 am to 10.30 pm in summers. The Gurudwara teaches the lesson of egalitarianism and humility. The four entrances of this holy fane from all four directions signify that people irrespective of their religion, caste and creed are equally welcome.
Ten Unbelievable Historical Facts About Golden Temple
History of Golden Temple or Harmandir Sahib
Golden temple was founded by Guru Ram Das Ji in 1574. Most part of the city Amritsar was developed in 17th and 18th century. The land for the site was bought by the Guru Ram Das Sahib on payment from the Zamindars (landlords) of natal villages. Guru Arjun Dev ji, the fifth Sikh Guru, gave the idea of construction of a temple where Sikhs can come and worship and he himself designed the architecture of Shri Harmandir Sahib. Hazrat Mian Mir Ji, a Muslim saint laid the foundation of the temple. The construction was supervised by Guru Arjun Dev and was assisted by prominent Sikh personalities like Baba Budha ji, Bhai Gurdas ji, Bhai Sahlo ji and many other devoted Sikhs. The construction of the temple was started in 1588 and completed in 1601.
Amazing facts About Golden Temple, Amritsar
- The Gurudwara was initially built without any gold coating. It was during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the ruler of Punjab in the early 19th century that the temple went under full renovation and was made into what it is today.
- Before the Gurudwara was built, the first Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak Dev ji, used to meditate at this site.
- The Golden Temple organizes the largest Langar Sewa in the world, where around 1,00,000 people per day are fed for free by temple volunteers.
- 35% of the pilgrims who visit the golden temple are non-Sikhs.
- British government performed continuous series of Akhand path at golden temple during the First World War for victory.
- The stairs that enter the Gurudwara Golden Temple go downwards, contrary to other temples where people usually climb up stairs to enter the main temple. It is designed to symbolize humbleness and abolish vanity in visitors.
- The Golden temple is one of the most significant symbols of Mughal and Indian architectural genius.
- The Golden temple served 1 lakh J&K victims in September, 2014 by providing them basic necessities when they needed them the most.
- The Harmandir Sahib was attacked again and again, first by the Mughals and the Afghans on 13 April, 1634 and later during a clash between the Indian Army and terrorists in the Operation Blue Star in 1984. But it has now been renovated and stands as a mark of glory and splendor of the Sikh religion.
- The golden temple also houses the acclaimed Central Sikh Museum, which contains legendary art works related to the Sikh religion, its great saints and warriors.
Owing to its magnificence and splendid grandeur, Golden temple should definitely be on the list of the wonders of the world. It teaches humility, equality, brotherhood, respect, service and humanity.
So, these vacations get yourself to golden temple to experience the bliss and provide solace to your souls.